Education for International Understanding (EIU) is a holistic and multidimensional education initiative to promote a Culture of Peace. EIU is anchored in the concept of genuine peace which aims to transcend the notion of peace as merely the absence of war. It advocates participatory democracy, human rights and dignity, social and economic equity, ecological sustainability, and peaceful reconciliation of conflicts. Thus EIU is interchangeably referred to as global education, international education, peace education or global citizenship education depending on the context.

Global Citizenship Education (GCED) is a transformative and holistic pedagogy that aims to change a local and global society toward a more just, peaceful and sustainable place by empowering learners as global citizens. GCED aims to empower learners to become agents of social change, by encouraging “knowledge (cognitive domain) touches the heart (socio-emotional domain) and turns into action to bring about positive change (behavioral domain)”. It encourages learners to critically understand power discourses underlying local and global problems and tackle the roots of those challenges, leading to making positive changes in a society.

UNESCO core learning domains of GCED
Learning Domain Purpose
Cognitive To acquire knowledge, understanding, and critical thinking about global, regional, national, and local issues and the interconnectedness and interdependency of different countries and populations
Socio-Emotional To have a sense of belonging to common humanity, sharing values and responsibilities, empathy, solidarity and respect for difference and diversity
Behavioural To act ethically, responsibly, and actively at local, national and global levels for a more peaceful and sustainable world.